Aspergers syndrome is a type of autism. In 2013, the American Psychiatric Association stopped using the clinical term Asperger’s syndrome, grouping the condition with other forms of autism under the term ‘Autism Spectrum Disorder. Read: http://specialpride.com/services/discussion/autism-asperger-syndrome-condition/
Various Types of autism
CLASSIC AUTISM: Also known as Autistic Disorder, is the underlying thing that comes to peoples mind when they hear the word autism. Principally on significantly more extreme end of the range otherwise called ’severe autism’, and usually goes along with speech delays, social and communication struggles, and repetitive or stereotyped behaviors or interests, they are often hypersensitive and avoid contact with other people on numerous events. Symptoms are for the most part recognizable before age 3. Individuals with classic autism may or may not have a co-occurring intellectual disability.
Trouble with adaptability in thoughts and conduct
Redundancy of acts, doing the same thing same way over and over again
Hyper or hypo-affectability towards smell, sound, touch or taste.
Discovering change or new circumstances troublesome
Adults with classic autism
Adults will show comparative side effects to those displayed by youngsters. This implies issues with talking and chatting with others and a failure to decipher non-verbal communication and respond fittingly. On the off chance that they can talk then their discourse is wooden and articulated in a monotone.
There is a percentage of autistic adults who are said to be ‘intellectuals’: by this we imply that they have a certain expertise of a skill set. This incorporates an interest with numbers, aesthetic capacity or an excellent memory which gives off an impression of being in direct contrast to rest of their abilities.
One case of this is the character of Raymond Babbitt, played by Dustin Hoffman in the film ‘Rain Man’. He is an extremely introverted intellectual with an outstanding review framework which empowers him to retain dates and numbers.
Hans Asperger, an Austrian Pediatrician initially published the meaning of Asperger’s Syndrome in 1944. The people with this kind of a autism have a couple of the extremely introverted highlights. A mild type of a autism, Asperger’s is portrayed specifically by social battles. Not at all like those with classic autism, individuals with Asperger’s—or “Aspies,” as some jump at the chance to call themselves—don’t encounter dialect delays. They are regularly keen on other individuals however essentially don’t know how to associate socially. They battle to peruse non-verbal communication and outward appearances, look, understand figurative language, and hold discussions with other individuals. They likewise have limited interests. In spite of the fact that different types of a autism are now and again joined by a co-morbid intellectual disability, this by definition isn’t the situation for those with Asperger’s.
PERVASIVE DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDER, NOT OTHERWISE SPECIFIED (PDD(NOS))
PDD-NOS was one of several previously separate subtypes of autism that were folded into the single diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) with the publication of the DSM-5 diagnostic manual in 2013. Those with PDD(NOS), or atypical autism, don’t really fit into the other categories of autism. That is, they may have a few but not all symptoms of classic autism. For instance, some fit the portrayal of Asperger’s yet additionally have discourse delays as well as Asperger’s, and some fit the depiction of classic autism yet don’t display the same number of limited interests or tedious practices. People with PDD(NOS) are commonly on the milder end of the range.
Findings from some studies
• A high-functioning group (around 25 percent) whose symptoms largely overlap with that of Asperger syndrome, yet who contrast regarding having a slack in language development and mild cognitive impairment. (Asperger disorder does not for the most part include speech delay or cognitive impairment).
• A second group (around 25 percent) whose symptoms more closely resemble those of autistic disorder, yet don’t completely meet all its diagnostic signs and side effects.
• A third group (around 50 percent) who meet all the diagnostic criteria for autistic disorder, yet whose stereotypical and repetitive behaviors are detectably gentle.
CHILDHOOD DISINTEGRATIVE DISORDERS (CDD)
(CDD) are otherwise called Heller’s Syndrome and disintegrative psychosis. CDD was initially depicted by Austrian educator Theodor Heller in 1908, 35 years before Leo Kanner and Hans Asperger described autism. In this type of disorder children typically grow normally for a period of about 2 years and then starts losing some of their language, social, and motor skills in the age between 2-4 years. Specialists have not yet discovered the reason for this sort of disarranges. By and large, the social, open and behavioral highlights of CDD take after those of autistic disorder. In (CDD) parents of the affected kid generally see child’s loss of previously acquired skills.
Usually regression occurs in more than two areas. These are
receptive language skills (language understanding)
expressive language skills (spoken language)
social skills or adaptive behaviors
play with peers
bowel or bladder control, if previously established.
The child should have abnormal functioning in at least two of following:
Impaired nonverbalbehaviors, failure to develop peer relations with no social and emotional reciprocity
In ability to start and maintain conversations with other people etc.
Restricted, repetitive and stereotyped behavior, such as bobbing the head up and down, or other repeated movements. These changes must not be caused by a general medical condition or another diagnosed mental disorder.